Medical marijuana and a theology of pot

One of the stories coming out of the recent United States elections was the decriminalization of marijuana in two states: Colorado and Washington. Voters in my hometown - Grand Rapids, Mich. - and several other Michigan cities also voted to make marijuana possession a civil infraction rather than a criminal charge.

How should we think theologically about the movement to decriminalize marijuana? To do so, it’s helpful to ponder the phrase “substance abuse.” This phrase, commonly used to describe drug abuse, can also be read as a theological explanation of both the goodness of creation and the nature of sin.

A proper doctrine of creation reminds us that material substances are not evil in and of themselves. In philosophical circles, “substance” simply describes any particular thing, including material things. In contrast, sin is not a physical substance, like a germ or bacteria that infects us. This may seem counterintuitive because we often associate evil with material things. As G. K. Chesterton points out, however, “The work of heaven alone was material; the making of a material world. The work of hell is entirely spiritual.” In other words, sin is the abuse of something that was created to be used properly. This is true for all things in creation, not just marijuana. Recognizing this, we have to ask the question: what is the proper use of this thing that God has created?

For starters, the distinction between medical and recreational use is important. Theologically, we have no reason to make medical use of marijuana illegal. We use all kinds of other drugs that are potentially dangerous if uncontrolled. The improper use of something good does not mean that any use is illegitimate (see: sex, drugs and rock n’ roll).

We also have to ask how our political framework affects our response to marijuana. Just because something is immoral does not necessarily make it illegal. Many forms of “substance abuse” (understood broadly as misusing something created good) are legal as long as they do not adversely affect the liberty of other citizens. Being an alcoholic is not illegal, but drunk driving is. Being greedy or being a workaholic is not illegal, but stealing and fraud are. Being a glutton who develops diabetes is not illegal, but stealing food and refusing to pay medical bills are. Some substances, however, have such adverse consequences when abused that mere possession of them is illegal. This also is as it should be, because, for some substances, the proper “use” is not to use them at all.

In general, Paul’s practical guidance to Christians is clear: not everything is beneficial and the Christian should not be mastered by anything. So whether we are thinking about marijuana or any other good thing that God has made, Christians are called to be aware of the perennial temptation toward “substance abuse” and the perennial responsibility to make sure that “whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God.”

It may be far easier to make something illegal (think Prohibition) than to develop a community that voluntarily and carefully discerns proper and improper uses of something. As image-bearers, our call is neither to absolute abstinence nor to unthinking indulgence. Rather, we are called to conscientious participation in the goodness of creation, so that God will look upon our wise use of His gifts and say, “It is very good.”

Comments (4)

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I’ve often thought about this idea of substance abuse too, Branson. Lots of substances get abused. I see people abuse food, drugs, cars, animals, even the air we breathe. Everything of substance can be abused. Then again, so can things of non-substance because the spiritual realm is just as real as the physical. And all abuse is an affront to God who created all things.

I agree with post and I think people unfairly treat marijuana like you explained above. I wonder where the theology (which in a vacuum I would agree with) meets the road on this one? 

It seems clear that for most (outside medical use), the purpose of ingesting marijuana is to get high, and that is where the Christian *should draw the line.  I have never heard of anyone smoking NOT to get high/intoxicated. 

Your point on substances is great, and as a substance, it is equal with alcohol and food.  But people don’t drink with the sole intent to get drunk, people don’t eat food with the sole intent of binging.  Of course there is nothing inherently wrong with marijuana, but (again aside from medical use) are there people who use marijuana with the intent to NOT get high?  Is there a Christian purpose to marijuana that doesn’t include getting high?  I know that God has created it, but God would certainly not want us to get high in order to enjoy his creation in this manner. I don’t think this is what you are saying, but one could make the same case for a lot of more serious hallucinogenic “natural” drugs. 

I’d really would like to hear (I’m trying to make this not sound sarcastic) a biblical perspective on this point: that weed is used to get high, which is by definition “being mastered” and how a Christian could use it other than in a sinful way. 

And I grew up around pot, known close friends who grew & sold large quantities of it, so I have been around the block on this, and simply don’t see how there would be a biblical precedent for its use outside medical use.

One of the problems the Jewish and Christian religions are facing with marijuana that is different than alcohol, is that marijuana is a most spiritual drug. It opens the door to God’s Kingdom, the problem being it does not show us the way. If we can eat a bit of chocolate as a way to find the Kingdom, why bother to forgive, to stop judging, to bless our enemies, to arrive at a pure heart, & etc? I feel that somewhere in Torah God forbids us to use drugs to search for him. However, I can’t find the verse, nor any reference to it in Jewish or Christian blogs.  No doubt I shall run into it in a week or two.  Having said that, I would go on to disagree with your statement, ” for starters, the distinction between medical and recreational use is important.” And indeed, I disagree with Torah to an extent.  If marijuana helps people become aware of and experience the spiritual, it is not the place of a Believer to forbid that.

In Reply to MG (comment #26352)
You say people don’t drink to get drunk. People smoke weed to get high. This is where I have a huge problem with your statement. When you drink alcohol you know what content of alcohol is in it. It states it on the bottle. You don’t know these things with marijuana til after you smoke it. So your statement is actually backwards as is other things you said. I don’t smoke weed to get high. I smoke weed to feel better after dealing with chronic pain and anxiety from it. It rarely gets me ...what you call high. It makes me feel elevated and a better quality of health for your mindset. It calms me down to think properly. All I do is talk with God and read His Word and minister to those that will hear the gospel. I can do all these things because I am calm. I don’t say this is the same for everyone but it is what I go through and why I choose medicinal marijuana. I was on opiates for years and went through hell getting off of them. Three years to feel myself again and stop having panic attacks. The doctor said if I take them as prescribed after 60 days I was addicted. I am not addicted to marijuana. I have quit after long usuage and there was no withdrawl symptoms. To each His own and it is not defined in the Word of God for a reason. Somethings are just between you and God. Personal relationship with Jesus is the answer.

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